The term Accounting deals with the maintaining the comprehensive financial transaction records and analyzing the results of economic activities of a firm. The company’s operation results are summarized by the financial statement which is nothing but the accounting services.
The purpose of Accounting
The purpose of accounting services deals with proper reporting of financial performance of a company which
includes decision making, control assets, performance, income statements, cash flow, retained earnings, balance sheet and on and on.
Accounting methods are based on the revenue and expenses of the company. Under these reports of accounting methods, businesses found out its desirable financial accounts. Mostly, small business owners choose any of
these accounting methods. But, the accounting criteria are large for some enterprise they definitely g with the accrual accounting without any option.
Cash Accounting – Here the report is prepared according to the real-time cash flow before the transaction process.
Accrual Accounting – In this method of accounting the report is prepared after the transaction is done.
Financial Accounts lies in the financial report of the organization that includes the detailed summary of accounting framework that includes the details of investors, suppliers, regulators. A statement of financial accounts is prepared on the past performance and present position.
The statement should accept the guidelines of GAAP or IFRS. Generally, Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) or International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) are raised from the accounting theory to meet the business needs. The current financial statement of a
firm is prepared on analyzing the past-oriented reports.
Management accounts focus on the internal operation reports like cost accounting, target costing that controls the external use of organization results in attaining the aims, goals and intention of the organization.
Here, the future reports of the financial statement were predicted from the present condition of the company. Global Management Accounting Principles (GMAPs) are invented to
proclaim the best discipline. Cost accounting is the one of the Management accounting services which deal with the cost control of an organization.
Governmental accounting is also referred as public accountings, federal accountings. From the name itself, it is clear that the financial statement is based on the public sector, which is somewhat different from the private sector.
The financial statement and the performance of the public sector, as well as government entities, are taken into account.
As the name implies, the Tax Accounting concerned with the Tax related matters such as tax filing, tax planning, tax regulation. When a proper Tax accounting is maintained for an organization will reduce the
future tax burden. The rules and discipline for Tax Accounting differ from the GAAP, GMAPs, and IFRS.
It is suited to the crime, investigation field where the finance and accounting could be a perfect fit. Forensic accountant includes insurance claims, personal injury claims, suspected fraud and claims of professional negligence in a financial matter, money laundering, embezzlement and tracking the flow of money to illegal organizations.
Project Accounting plays a massive role in the project management, which deals with the project-oriented business, gain or loss from the project and from the product launch.
The Social Accounting report describes an organization’s activities on the social environment. So it is also named as Environmental Accountings. It will create an environmental awareness and consciousness among the public.
Keeping account books about company transaction is simply named as Bookkeeping. The day to day business performance updates on a regular basis based on the accounting principle. Bookkeeping or record keeping is the most significant service that every enterprise should need.
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